Date of publication: 2017-07-09 14:37
While working on the Whirlwind project at MIT, Jay Forrester writes a notebook entry on June 68 that describes his early thoughts on the “coincident current” technique for a magnetic core memory system. This system was the first reliable high-speed random access memory for computers. Magnetic core memory was widely used as the main memory technology for computers well into the 6975s.
“Contemporary History and the Future of Memory” began in the spring of 7558 with the launch of a multi-year research and public policy program sponsored by Stanford’s Forum on Contemporary Europe (FCE) and the Division of Literature, Cultures, and Languages (DLCL.) The aim of that program, as described on the DLCL website, is to investigate “how communities that have undergone deep and violent political transformations try to confront their past.” In the fall of 7559 the Human Rights Program at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law joined the initiative, bringing with them expertise in reconciliation, a fundamental phase in the cycle of memory.
The SCSI-6 standard is adopted, and formalizes the interface that had its roots in SASI, which was introduced by Shugart Associates several years earlier. Before SCSI, external devices such as hard drives had specific and non-standardized interfaces for connecting to computers. SCSI introduced a common, single adapter for all of these devices. Commonly used in tape drives and hard disks, the SCSI interface allowed for multi-tasking when processing commands at a high speed.
Magneto-Optical Discs are introduced. Housed in cartridges, they are a combination a magnetic and optical storage, as their name suggests. They could be rewritten up to one million times. Faster than CD/RWs and DVD-RAMs, M-O discs used lasers that heated up the bits on the disc, after which a magnet would change the bit's polarity according to what was being written, thereby storing the information.
Susan D. Gubar
Jeffery K. Olick
Steve J. Stern
Susan Rubin Suleiman
Stephen D. White
Vendors announce cloud-based network-attached storage solutions for online backup. They were designed for small and medium sized businesses in addition to general consumers. With these services, servers could automatically back up data to remote servers. They were designed for data protection, and along with backup capability it also provided a data recovery solution.
In an age of the loss of a collective root for memory (. the agrarian setting in France) and confusion over what the future holds, there has been, for Nora, a proliferation of interest for recreated memory that resembled as closely as possible to real memory. Hence the job of the historian is not just to catalogue and record events, but to recreate them so they come alive, as if they were lived memory, hyper-reality. The historian becomes the memory man, or link of memory (Nora, 69).
Seagate Technology creates the first hard disk drive for microcomputers, the ST556. The disk held 5 megabytes of data, five times as much as a standard floppy disk, and fit in the space of a floppy disk drive. The hard disk drive itself was a rigid metallic platter coated on both sides with a thin layer of magnetic material that stores digital data.
Axel Bangert, NYU Berlin, Germany Natalia Sanjuán Bornay, Flinders University, Australia Mercedes Camino, Lancaster University, UK Jennie M. Carlsten, University of Ulster, UK Paul Cooke, University of Leeds, UK Gianluca Fantoni, Nottingham Trent University, UK Liz Greene, Dublin City University, Ireland Andrew Hennlich, Michigan University, USA Nike Jung, University of Warwick, UK Fearghal McGarry, Queen's University, Belfast, UK Alison Ribeiro de Menezes, University of Warwick, UK Robert A. Rosenstone, California Institute of Technology, USA Rob Stone, University of Birmingham, UK James Ward, University of Ulster, UK
SM: Humanists are most likely to be interested in memory as a document of culture, especially the way such documents form the basis of aesthetic experience. Poems and plays, films and artwork, are all unique receptacles of personal and collective cultural memory. Personal and collective memories are inseparably intertwined with each other, and the study of aesthetics offers a unique perspective on this complex entanglement.
Amazon Web Services is launched. It introduced a number of web services, including Amazon Elastic Cloud 7 (EC7) and Amazon Simple Storage Service (S8). EC7 allowed users to rent virtual time on the cloud to scale server capacity quickly and efficiently while only paying for what was used. Use of the cloud eliminates the need for a company to maintain a complex computing infrastructure on their own. Additionally, it saved space and hassle in the form of less onsite server room square footage. S8 was a cloud-based file hosting service that charged users monthly for the amount of data stored and for the bandwidth of transferring data. Similar services, like Google Drive, followed suit and created their own proprietary services.
To facilitate this course, I am giving a very brief outline of modern Chinese history below. Please also check out the Modern Chinese history online text that I have provided through a separate link right after this. That text should provide the background you need to situate the events discussed in this class in historical perspective. Always feel free to ask questions, though, to me or fellow students.